All about ghee – composition with 21 benefits and identification

pure ghee
pure ghee

All about ghee – composition with 21 benefits and identification

Ghee is a complex lipid of glycerides mainly triglycerides, free fatty acids, phospholipids, sterols, sterol esters, fat-soluble vitamins, carbonyls, hydrocarbons, carotenoids, etc. It’s A class of clarified butter that originated in ancient India. 

Ghee Vs Butter

Ghee Vs Butter
(image source: Wikipedia)

Chemical composition of ghee:

Ghee could be in liquid, semisolid, and some time in solid-state based on the storage condition. Ghee made from buffalo milk is whitish with a greenish tinge and that of cow milk is golden yellow. It is usually prepared from cow milk, buffalo milk, or mixed milk. The chemical composition of ghee is given below:

Chemical Constituents
Buffalo Ghee (%)

Cow Ghee (%)


  • Short-chain

  • Long-chain

  • Trisaturated

  • High melting

  • 45.3

  • 54.7

  • 40.7

  • 8.7

  • 37.6

  • 62.4

  • 39.0

  • 4.9

Partial glycerides
  • Diglycerides

  • Monoglycerides

  • 4.5

  • 0.6

  • 4.3

  • 0.7

Phospholipids (mg, %)



Total cholesterol (mg, %)



Lanosterol (mg %)



Lutein ({\color{Red} \mu }g / g)



Squalene ({\color{Red} \mu }g / g)



Carotene ({\color{Red} \mu }g / g)



Vitamin A ({\color{Red} \mu }g / g)



Vitamin E ({\color{Red} \mu }g / g)





Fatty acid composition

Among all-natural fats, milk fat is the most unique with regard to its chemical characteristics. Milk fats derived from ruminant animals, contain an exceptional number and variety of fatty acids from C4:0 to C26:0 and from C10: 1 to C22: 6 combined as triglycerides. Jensen and Clark (1988) detected over 400 distinct fatty acids in bovine milk fat. Other land animal fats like tallow and lard contain mostly palmitic (C16:0), stearic (C18:0) and oleic (C18:1) acids, while vegetable oils like groundnut, sesame or cottonseed consist mainly of palmitic, stearic, oleic and linoleic (C18:2) acids. Coconut oil is the best-known exception, containing lauric (C12:0) and myristic (C14:0) acids in very large amounts (Rangappa and Achaya, 1974).

The fatty acid composition of cow and buffalo milk:


Fatty Acid (%)Buffalo milk fatCow milk fat


Reference link
Table 1
Table 2


Benefits of Ghee:

There are both health and beauty benefits associated with application of it. Now take a look at some benefits:

Weight loss benefits:

Fats, much the same as protein and sugars, are a significant full-scale supplement that is required for the correct working of the body. What you have to do is to pick a superior wellspring of fat. For instance, you should dodge lousy nourishments and rather pick things stacked with great filaments, for example, ghee or avocados, the two of which contain a high measure of heart-accommodating fats.

Anti-Inflammatory Properties of ghee: It contains butyrate which is a fatty acid, linked with the response of the tissues, and thus it soothes the inflammation and acts as a pain reliever. This acid also has an anti-viral property, which makes it a great choice for your diet if you have a weak immune system.

Rich of Antioxidants : Antioxidants are also known as free-radical scavengers, as they also aid in reducing free-radical damage in the cells. Ghee contains a lot of Vitamin A & E. It helps in increasing the concentration of antioxidants in our bloodstream.

Benefits for bones health: The utilization of dairy animals ghee helps in upgrading bone quality and endurance. It helps in solid development and improvement of bones and cerebrum, likewise keeping up their typical working.  The body gets dairy animals ghee at a supported level, it improves its insusceptibility against a few issues by creating body tissues. It likewise encourages tactile organs to work appropriately. Abilities of the mind like astuteness, memory, and insight likewise increment because of the utilization of dairy animals ghee.

Benefits for heart patients: It contains Vitamin K2 which helps in lessening the calcium statement in the supply routes, along these lines ensuring against the calcification of conduits. It helps the heart is working great by diminishing destructive blood cholesterol levels and boosting the great blood cholesterol level.

Bone density Increases: It increases the bone density. It helps in improving body weight by increasing bone density and muscle mass rather than accumulating unnecessary excess fat in the body.

Benefits for Babies: It supplies instant energy to and satisfies their requirement for an extra boost in energy. Thus the baby becomes healthy.

Boosts Immunity System: Cow Ghee improves eyesight, memory power, and immunity level thus helping them build healthy bones and muscles. It prevents malnutrition and fat-soluble vitamin deficit syndrome.

Benefits for pregnancy: It offers better sustenance to women during pregnancy as they need more characteristic nutrients, minerals, basic unsaturated fats for sound development, and advancement of their infant. It prevents the newborn from birth problems like vertebral or bone disorders or malnutrition.

Benefits for hair:

An unsaturated fat-rich eating routine can help in the sustenance of the scalp, consequently giving the hair follicles a portion of hydration that could reestablish your hair’s wellbeing.

I additionally improve Hair Quality. The outer use of ghee over the scalp can help in the arrangement of sparkling and solid hair that likewise has a smooth structure.

It additionally improves and builds the blood dissemination in the scalp separated from going about as an extraordinary conditioner. This consider helps affixing and advancing hair development, in this manner bringing about an a lot thicker and longer arrangement of hair.

Benefits in the skin: It also increases skin glow. The presence of antioxidants in the system keeps the free-radicals from interacting with healthy cells, which also includes skin cells. This factor helps the skin cells in retaining their moisture, which further results in a soft, hydrated, and glowing skin.

Anti-viral action: Ghee has very good anti-viral actions. Two teaspoons of neem, blended in with a teaspoon of turmeric powder and a half cup of cow ghee can be applied to recuperate wounds. In siphon treatment, ghee is applied over the contaminated region. It is encouraged to utilize dairy animals ghee over draining injuries to make them cool impact and accomplish rapid recuperation.

More Benefits:

  • Improves digestive system
  • Enhances the strength of bone.
  • Improves bone development of the child.
  • Reduces bladder pain.
  • Relieve burning sensation.
  • Natural skin moisturizer.
  • Prevents aging and dark circles and brighten up eyes and skin.
  • Lowers bad cholesterols and increases good cholesterols.
  • It increases the test of recipe.

Best ways to consume cow’s ghee

How to check the purity of ghee at home

Heat test:

Take a teaspoon of ghee in a cup. If the ghee melts immediately and turns dark brownish in color, then it is of pure quality. However, if it takes time to melt and turns light yellow in color, it is best avoided.

Palm Test:

Take 1 teaspoon of ghee into palm oil. If ghee melts immediately then that ghee is pure.

Impurity Test:

If the ghee contains hints of coconut oil, dissolve ghee in a glass container utilizing the twofold heater strategy (level bottomed addition that fits over a dish of stewing water). Put this container in the ice chest for at some point. On the off chance that ghee and the coconut oil cement in discrete layers, at that point the ghee is contaminated.

Iodine test

Add two drops of iodine solution to a small quantity of melted ghee. If the iodine turns purple in color, then it indicates that the ghee is mixed with starch and should be avoided.

[source: The indian express]


Tradition of ghee in Bangladesh:

Taking ghee with some rice, biryani is the tradition in Bangladesh. This tradition is continuing since ancient era. Bangladeshi people love to take it.


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